Latin America and the Caribbean seek to increase their climate ambition by strengthening the implementation of the Enhanced Transparency Framework

Salvador de Bahia, Brazil, August 23, 2019. Representatives from the different countries of Latin America and the Caribbean attended the plenary session on the “Reinforced Transparency Framework, a driver of ambition: opportunities and challenges” organized by the Secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), UN Environment and the UNEP DTU Partnership.

According to the 2018 Emissions Gap Report, the current commitments expressed in Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) are inadequate due to the disparity between the emissions planned for 2030 and the levels required to meet the climatic objectives. In this context, transparency becomes the backbone of the Paris Agreement, given its critical role in building trust between the parties and measuring progress towards achieving the objectives of the agreement.

During the session, it was discussed how the Enhanced Transparency Framework of the Paris Agreement could boost countries’ ambition through an evidence-based analysis of climate change policies implemented by each state. It can also identify solutions at hand for the mitigation and adaptation to climate change, as aligned with the increased ambition of the NDCs, the monitoring of NDC processes and the development of appropriate indicators. The session also discussed the need for greater participation of citizens through access to information and data and the attraction and rational use of financial resources.

The session also offered the countries the opportunity to share their experiences, their achievements and the challenges they face when implementing the transparency systems for monitoring, reporting, and verifying the measures. All of these measures make part of their integrated national strategies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

This is in line with the work done last Tuesday during the workshop “Opportunities for South-South peer exchange on priority issues” in which countries focused on how to face regional challenges in the implementation of the Reinforced Transparency Framework of the Agreement from Paris. The workshop also discussed the development of a common agenda and the elaboration of a roadmap of future actions, with special emphasis on the development of Long-Term Strategies for the decarbonization of economies in Latin America and the Caribbean.

 

For more information please contact:

Communication Unit for Latin America and the Caribbean, UN Environment: noticias@pnuma.org  +507 305-3182.

Estrategias de Descarbonización de Largo Plazo (LTS)

Las estrategias a largo plazo sustentan a las Contribuciones Determinadas a Nivel Nacional (CDN) que debe presentar cada país y son cruciales para lograr los objetivos establecidos en el Acuerdo de París. El Acuerdo de París da flexibilidad a los gobiernos para definir sus objetivos nacionales y sus estrategias a largo plazo garantizan que las acciones inmediatas y las políticas a mediano y largo plazo apunten hacia cero emisiones netas (Net-Zero en inglés) para 2050. Esto es vital para limitar el aumento de la temperatura media mundial a 2° C y lo más cerca posible de 1,5 ° C para finales de siglo con respecto a la era pre-industrial.

Contribuciones determinadas a nivel nacional (NDC)

Son el núcleo del Acuerdo de París y de la consecución de esos objetivos a largo plazo. Las contribuciones determinadas a nivel nacional encarnan los esfuerzos de cada país para reducir las emisiones nacionales y adaptarse a los efectos del cambio climático.

Desarrollo de sistemas M&E para la adaptación

In the case of adaptation, the countries have focused their efforts on indicators and platform development, but have not dedicated a high % of resources from their projects to this issue.

Desarrollo de sistemas MRV para la mitigación

Este componente se enfoca en:

  • Mejora del inventario de GEI.
  • Diseño y desarrollo de plataformas de información.
  • Comprensión y coherencia de los sistemas e indicardores de MRV.
  • Contabilidad de las NDC como instrumento esencial para la ambición climática y la transparencia.